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This Web Page is Dedicated to the Civil War History of Aquia Creek Landing (Acquia Creek) or Aquia Landing and Canterbury Estates of Stafford, Virginia using Photographs, Official Telegrams, Letters, Diaries, and Field Dug Artifacts on Canterbury Drive, and the Richmond Fredericksburg & Potomac (RF&P) Rail Road!

 
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 aquia landing civil war december 1862 canterbury estates stafford vaClick Here
Photo of my front yard 150 years ago!!!! Photo taken by the Brady Group (most likely by Gardner when he worked for Brady) of Aquia landing (canterbury estates) ca Dec 1862 or Jan 1863 and were manned by the 95h Regiment of New York Volunteers.

Here at Aquia Landing right on my front yard the VERY FIRST Union naval engagement of the Civil War took place from May 31, 1861 thru June 2, 1861 where 3 to 4 Union gun boats bombarded Confederate Artillery emplacements protecting the Landing, Railroad to Richmond, and the Wharves!

We've found union 3 ringer minie balls, railroad spikes, spoon, steel boot cleats used by union soldiers, part of a percussion fuse from a union artillery shell using our metal detector.
 acquia creek landing and canterbury proposed union defenses and rebel artillery emplacements June 1862Click Here
Handdrawn Union Map done in June 1862 Shortly After the Union too it over from the Confederacy! Shows the small 1/4 mile strip of land and cove now known as Canterbury Estates. acquia creek landing and canterbury from the hand drawn map dated June 1862 of the proposed union defenses and found confederate artillery batteries. Black marks indicate found confederate battery emplacements and their orientation, Red marks indicate the proposed union emplacements and their orientation. One of the shown confederate batteries is located on a bluff in our backyard up on a cliff which is higher than the roof of our house. Prior to the union taking over the area it was manned by Confederate Army Artilleryman from Virginia and Tennessee who in turn were led by Confederate Navy Officers who themselves were members of the Confederate Secret Service. Canterbury was also a Confederate Communications Relay Point and they used the trees on the bluffs as shown on the map (along the ridge now behind our homes) to send signals across the Potomac River to another communications relay stations in Maryland to send/receive messages from Wash DC and Baltimore to Richmond, Va.
 Canterbury Estates, The Pirates Lair, Stafford, Va Click Photo!
The Pirate's Lair and Canterbury Estates @ Aquia Creek Landing circa 2010! Photo is taken from Canterbury Drive which was originally a single horse footpath and then a railroad spur from the dock to the main rail line terminus at Aquia Landing. This link will take you to another web page showing more contemporary views of Canterbury shown in the civil war photos - kind of like before and after.
 aquia landing found at canterbury estates civil war union minie ball .58 caliberClick Here
Dug on Lot 2. Aquia landing found at canterbury estates civil war union minie ball .58 caliber
 aquia landing found at canterbury estates civil war union minie ball .58 caliber bottom showing 6 starsClick Here
Dug on Lot 2. Aquia landing found at canterbury estates civil war union minie ball .58 caliber bottom showing 6 line star
 FRONT -  RF&P (Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac) Boxcar Railroad Seal Patent 1857Click Here
FRONT - RF&P (Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac) Boxcar Railroad Seal was used to ensure the integrity of a shipment of goods. Almost 3/4 of an inch in diameter... Thick and heavy and has that old chalky white patina that lead gets... "Acquia Creek" can be made out on one side and "S&H Pat 1857" can be made out on the other... The rest of the letters are difficult to decipher... Some of the letters are clear and some are not... Dug right near where the railroad crossed the creek...
  REAR  -  RF&P (Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac) Boxcar Railroad Seal Patent 1857Click Here
REAR - RF&P (Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac) Boxcar Railroad Seal was used to ensure the integrity of a shipment of goods. Almost 3/4 of an inch in diameter... Thick and heavy and has that old chalky white patina that lead gets... "Acquia Creek" can be made out on one side and "S&H Pat 1857" can be made out on the other... The rest of the letters are difficult to decipher... Some of the letters are clear and some are not... Dug right near where the railroad crossed the creek...
 RF&P Sugar TongsClick Here
Pair of RF&P Sugar Tongs (Richmond, Fredericksburg, Potomac). No maker marks. Obviously made for the well heeled during their long journey from Richmond to Stafford, VA!
Available For Sale: $295.
 RF&P Sugar TongsClick Here
Showing Design on the Tongs. No maker marks. Pair of RF&P Sugar Tongs (Richmond, Fredericksburg, Potomac). Obviously made for the well heeled during their long journey from Richmond to Stafford, VA!
Available For Sale: $295.
 Some relics and artifacts dug on lot 2 of canterbury drive next to acquia creek landingClick Here
Some relics and artifacts dug on canterbury drive next to acquia creek landing. Note the artillery fuse sleeve most likely from the May/June 1861 Federal Gun Boat bombardment and the railroad spike that the Union Forces constructed to connect the newly constructed Burnside Wharf to the main rail line
 artillery fuse sleeveClick Here
Dug on Lot 2. Artillery fuse sleeve most likely from the May/June 1861 Federal Gun Boat bombardment of Confederate Forces protecting the railhead at Aquia Creek Landing
 artillery fuse sleeveClick Here
Dug on Lot 2. Another View. Artillery fuse sleeve most likely from the May/June 1861 Federal Gun Boat bombardment of Confederate Forces protecting the railhead at Aquia Creek Landing
 artillery fuse sleeveClick Here
Dug on Lot 2. Another View. Artillery fuse sleeve most likely from the May/June 1861 Federal Gun Boat bombardment of Confederate Forces protecting the railhead at Aquia Creek Landing
 union railroad spikeClick Here
Dug on Lot 2. A Railroad spike from the railroad spur constructed by Union Engineering Battalion ca 1862-1863 which connected the newly built Burnside Wharf to the main Aquia Landing railroad line.
 large spoon bowl and stem, possibly part of a combination fork-spoon implementClick Here
Dug on Lot 2. large spoon bowl and stem, possibly part of a combination fork-spoon implement
 buckleClick Here
Dug on Lot 2. Buckle, possibly part of a Union haversack/knapsack or harness.
 union boot cleatClick Here
Dug on Lot 2. union boot cleat
 railroad wheel part aquia creek landing civil war Click Photo!
This appears to be part of a steam engine or railroad car wheel or some sort of part. It is iron with a 19th century "N" monogram, possibly part of "NY" with the Y missing.
 aquia creek landing evacuation in 1863Click Here
We even had "camp followers" here at Canterbury back in the day! Newspaper report of aquia creek landing evacuation in 1863. Funny observations: "an immense throng of sutlers and other camp followers collected at Aquia Creek for evacuation to Washington"... and in closing "fever and ague prevail during the summer, forbidding the growth of a village, the place will doubtless sink into oblivion, except as connected with the military operations of the great rebellion" .. niether newspaper reporters nor the soldiers thought very highly of our little community at that time!
 aquia creek landing evacuation line drawingin 1863Click Here
newspaper line drawing of aquia creek landing evacuation in 1863
 acquia or aquia creek landing boat wharfClick Here
acquia or aquia creek landing boat wharf
 acquia creek landing hospitalClick Here
acquia creek landing hospital. this hospital was probably the one identified in the June 1862 hand drawn map entitled "Proposed Defenses of Aquia Creek" found further on this page. Thousands if not tens of thousands of wounded union troops were evacuated and transported through the Landing from the battlefields to home or hospitals in the north.
 acquia or aquia creek landing view from clerks officeClick Here
stereoview of acquia or aquia creek landing view from clerks office
 acquia creek landing from thorny point - possibly the clerks officeClick Here
acquia creek landing from thorny point - possibly from the clerks office
 acquia or aquia creek landing boat wharfClick Here
acquia or aquia creek landing boat wharf
 acquia or aquia creek landing, captain hall's wagon campClick Here
acquia or aquia creek landing, captain hall's wagon camp
 acquia or aquia creek dock around 1864Click Here
acquia or aquia creek dock around 1864
 acquia or aquia landing around 1863Click Here
acquia or aquia landing around late 1862 or early 1863, just beginning the rebuilding of the wharf after capture from the confederate forces in May 1862, or even possibly the second rebuilding in late 1863 after returning from the evacuation.
 aquia landing, aquia creekClick Here
aquia landing, aquia creek
 aquia landing, aquia creek burnsides wharf mapClick Here
aquia landing, aquia creek map showing burnsides wharf which is now the community dock at Canterbury Estates. The union engineers also called Burnsides Landing the "lower landing or dock" and sarcastically The YubaDam Wharf (not to be confused with the upper dock or Aquia Landing also known by a similar name YuBeDam Landing)
 aquia landing, aquia creek rail road overview canterbury estatesClick Here
aquia landing, aquia creek railroad overview canterbury estates
 aquia landing, aquia creek lincoln telegramClick Here
aquia landing, aquia creek lincoln telegram
 aquia landing, aquia creek lincoln telegram visitClick Here
aquia landing, aquia creek lincoln telegram visit to Aquia Landing which was later cancelled due to the evacuation.
 aquia landing, aquia creek quartermaster buildingClick Here
aquia landing, aquia creek quartermaster building
 aquia landing, aquia creek personnelClick Here
aquia landing, aquia creek personnel
 aquia landing newspaper reporter drawing of gun battle may 1861Click Here
aquia landing newspaper reporter drawing of gun battle may 1861
 aquia landing, aquia creek union gun boat confederate artillery battle may june 1861Click Here
aquia landing, aquia creek union gun boat confederate artillery battle may june 1861
 aquia landing, aquia creek confederate canon artillery batteries gun boat battleClick Here
aquia landing, aquia creek confederate canon artillery batteries gun boat battle
 aquia landing, aquia creek confederate canon artillery batteries gun boat battleClick Here
aquia landing, aquia creek confederate canon artillery batteries gun boat battle
 aquia landing burnside's wharf YuBa Dam DockClick Here
Currently our Canterbury Estate Community Dock. Aquia landing burnside's wharf aka by the union engineers as YuBa Dam Dock. The photo was taken from out on the dock towards the shore and shows what is now our common area, lot 10, parcel a and b. This dock was built up extensively since the low water draft of 10' was substantially deeper than what was otherwise found off of the Aquia Landing Wharf.
 aquia landing, aquia creek burnside's wharfClick Here
Currently our Canterbury Estate Community Dock. aquia landing, aquia creek burnside's wharf aka YuBa Dam Dock. The photo was taken from shoreside possibly from parcel a. Some of the cement material and poles of the dock that is in the foreground can still be seen, especially at low tide.
 aquia landing, acquia creek railroad car float bargesClick Here
aquia landing, acquia creek railroad car float barges. Using railroad cars on barges from Alexandria to Burnsides Wharf was the very first of "container ships" where material was put onto railroad cars from the point of manufacture and then transported by rail to the nearest water port for further direct transportation to a port closest to where a battle was to be fought, or troops were to be supplied.
 aquia landing Company D Co D 93rd NY New York Volunteers 1863 provost dutyClick Here
aquia landing Company D Co D 93rd NY New York Volunteers 1863 provost duty
 fort monroe embarkation of 9th Army Corp, Aquia LandingClick Here
fort monroe embarkation of 9th Army Corp from Aquia Landing
 fort monroe embarkation of 9th Army Corp, Aquia LandingClick Here
Note the wooden coffins!!! fort monroe embarkation of 9th Army Corp from Aquia Landing. Note the wooden coffins in the foreground! The steamer looks packed full of troops and is dangerously listing over.
 aquia landing evacuation 1863Click Here
aquia landing evacuation 1863
 aquia landing evacuation 1863Click Here
aquia landing evacuation 1863
 aquia landing former slaves joining unionClick Here
aquia landing former slaves joining union
 aquia landing fredericksburg railroad constructionClick Here
aquia landing fredericksburg railroad construction
 aquia landing ny new york herald tribune article about union gun boat battle and confederate artillery locationsClick Here
aquia landing ny new york herald tribune article about union gun boat battle and confederate artillery locations
 aquia landing new york herald tribune article gun battleClick Here
aquia landing new york herald tribune article gun battle
 confederate sea mines first use at aquia landingClick Here
confederate sea mines first use at aquia landing
 overall proposed aquia landing canterbury brooke marlborough road defencesClick Here
overall proposed aquia landing canterbury brooke marlborough road defences
 aquia landing artillery shot fired by confederates at union gun boats 1861Click Here
aquia landing artillery shot fired by confederates at union gun boats 1861
 aquia landing suttlers or camp followers selling to troopsClick Here
aquia landing suttlers or camp followers selling to troops
 aquia landing union engineers burnsides wharfClick Here
aquia landing union engineers burnsides wharf
 aquia landing view from commissary office 1863Click Here
aquia landing view from commissary office 1863
 aquia landing canterbury estates proposed defenses june 1862 showing confederate artillery emplacements and proposed union defensesClick Here
aquia landing canterbury estates proposed defenses june 1862 showing confederate artillery emplacements and proposed union defenses
 aquia landing union captain forsyth provost marshal 1863Click Here
aquia landing union captain forsyth provost marshal 1863
 aquia landing commissary clerksClick Here
aquia landing commissary clerks
 aquia landing history burnside's wharf identifying railroad tracksClick Here
aquia landing history burnside's wharf identifying railroad tracks
 aquia landing transportation office captain tombsClick Here
aquia landing transportation office captain tombs
 aquia landing newspaper line drawingClick Here
aquia landing newspaper line drawing
 conderate naval officer assigned at aquia landing 1861-1862Click Here
confederate naval officer assigned at aquia landing 1861-1862. Little known was that it was Confederate Naval Officers who were in charge of the Aquia Landing defenses in 1861 and 1862. Some of these CSN officers were also part of the Confederate Secret Service and used the bluffs on Canterbury as a Communications Station to send/receive messages to/from Wash DC and Baltimore down to Richmond, Virginia the capitol of the Confederacy.
 Stafford County Archeological Study of the Battle of Aquia Creek 1861 - History TextClick Here
Overview of Stafford County's 2011 Archeological Study and Information about the Battle of Aquia Landing which took place May 29th thru June 1st 1861 at the Outbreak of the Civil War.
 Stafford County Archeological Study of the Battle of Aquia Creek 1861 - Project MapClick Here
Project Map of Showing Aquia Creek, Potomac River and Canterbury Estates for Stafford County's 2011 Archeological Study about the Battle of Aquia Landing which took place May 29th thru June 1st 1861 at the Outbreak of the Civil War.
 Stafford County Archeological Study of the Battle of Aquia Creek 1861 - Aerial Map Overlays Showng ErosionClick Here
Aerial Map Overlays of Showing Erosion of Aquia Creek Landing for Stafford County's 2011 Archeological Study about the Battle of Aquia Landing which took place May 29th thru June 1st 1861 at the Outbreak of the Civil War.
The Pirate's Lair
78 Canterbury Drive
Stafford, Virginia 22554
Phone: 540-659-6209

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